Genetic Archaeology
Recent News |  Archives |  Tags |  About |  Newsletter |  Submit News |  Links |  Subscribe to GeneticArchaeology.com RSS Fee Subscribe


More Articles
Scientists discover how to 'switch off' autoimmune diseasesScientists discover how to 'switch off' autoimmune diseases

California blue whales rebound from whaling, first of their kin to do soCalifornia blue whales rebound from whaling, first of their kin to do so

X-ray imaging paves way for novel solar cell productionX-ray imaging paves way for novel solar cell production

A metallic alloy that is tough and ductile at cryogenic temperaturesA metallic alloy that is tough and ductile at cryogenic temperatures

Researchers discover 3 extinct squirrel-like speciesResearchers discover 3 extinct squirrel-like species

Moving silicon atoms in graphene with atomic precisionMoving silicon atoms in graphene with atomic precision

Three's a charm: Detectors reveal entangled photon tripletsThree's a charm: Detectors reveal entangled photon triplets

Collaboration drives achievement in protein structure researchCollaboration drives achievement in protein structure research

Rapid and durable protection against ebola virus with new vaccine regimensRapid and durable protection against ebola virus with new vaccine regimens

This star cluster is not what it seemsThis star cluster is not what it seems

Childhood mentors have positive impact on career successChildhood mentors have positive impact on career success

Blood-cleansing biospleen device developed for sepsis therapyBlood-cleansing biospleen device developed for sepsis therapy

Asian monsoon much older than previously thoughtAsian monsoon much older than previously thought

Evolutionary tools improve prospects for sustainable developmentEvolutionary tools improve prospects for sustainable development

The ozone hole has stabilized -- some questions remainThe ozone hole has stabilized -- some questions remain

Missing piece found to help solve concussion puzzleMissing piece found to help solve concussion puzzle

In directing stem cells, study shows context mattersIn directing stem cells, study shows context matters

Computer games give a boost to EnglishComputer games give a boost to English

Pesky insect inspires practical technologyPesky insect inspires practical technology

News media losing role as gatekeepers to new 'social mediators' on Twitter, study findsNews media losing role as gatekeepers to new 'social mediators' on Twitter, study finds

Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'

Cicada study discovers 2 genomes that function as 1Cicada study discovers 2 genomes that function as 1

Milk prices top concern of Northeastern organic dairy farmersMilk prices top concern of Northeastern organic dairy farmers

Bombarded by explosive waves of information, scientists review new ways to process and analyze Big DataBombarded by explosive waves of information, scientists review new ways to process and analyze Big Data

Program earns kudos for improving grades, retaining studentsProgram earns kudos for improving grades, retaining students

Geography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economyGeography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economy

A healthy lifestyle adds years to lifeA healthy lifestyle adds years to life

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

DNA reveals origins of first European farmers (11/10/2010)

Tags:
agriculture, domestication
An artist's impression of a Neolithic farmer. - Image by Karol Schauer, LDA Sachsen-Anhalt
An artist's impression of a Neolithic farmer. - Image by Karol Schauer, LDA Sachsen-Anhalt

A team of international researchers led by ancient DNA experts from the University of Adelaide has resolved the longstanding issue of the origins of the people who introduced farming to Europe some 8000 years ago.

A detailed genetic study of one of the first farming communities in Europe, from central Germany, reveals marked similarities with populations living in the Ancient Near East (modern-day Turkey, Iraq and other countries) rather than those from Europe.

Project leader Professor Alan Cooper, Director of the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA (ACAD) at the University of Adelaide, says: "This overturns current thinking, which accepts that the first European farming populations were constructed largely from existing populations of hunter-gatherers, who had either rapidly learned to farm or interbred with the invaders."

The results of the study have been published today in the online peer-reviewed science journal PLoS Biology.

"We have finally resolved the question of who the first farmers in Europe were - invaders with revolutionary new ideas, rather than populations of Stone Age hunter-gatherers who already existed in the area," says lead author Dr Wolfgang Haak, Senior Research Associate with ACAD at the University of Adelaide.

"We've been able to apply new, high-precision ancient DNA methods to create a detailed genetic picture of this ancient farming population, and reveal that it was radically different to the nomadic populations already present in Europe.

"We have also been able to use genetic signatures to identify a potential route from the Near East and Anatolia, where farming evolved around 11,000 years ago, via south-eastern Europe and the Carpathian Basin (today's Hungary) into Central Europe," Dr Haak says.

The project involved researchers from the University of Mainz and State Heritage Museum in Halle, Germany, the Russian Academy of Sciences and members of the National Geographic Society's Genographic Project, of which Professor Cooper is a Principal Investigator and Dr Haak is a Senior Research Associate.

The ancient DNA used in this study comes from a complete graveyard of Early Neolithic farmers unearthed at the town of Derenburg in Saxony-Anhalt, central Germany.

"This work was only possible due to the close collaboration of archaeologists excavating the skeletons, to ensure that no modern human DNA contaminated the remains, and nicely illustrates the potential when archaeology and genetics are combined," says Professor Kurt Werner Alt from the collaborating Institute of Anthropology in Mainz, Germany.

Note: This story has been adapted from a news release issued by the University of Adelaide

Post Comments:

Search

New Articles
Gibbon genome and the fast karyotype evolution of small apes

Non-dominant hand vital to the evolution of the thumb

Sloths are no slouches when it comes to evolution

Mapping the DNA sequence of Ashkenazi JewsMapping the DNA sequence of Ashkenazi Jews

A single evolutionary road may lead to Rome

Sequencing of 5 African fishes reveals diverse molecular mechanisms underlying evolution

Extinctions during human era worse than thought

Maternal low protein diet promotes diabetic phenotypes in offspring

Non-adaptive evolution in a cicada's gutNon-adaptive evolution in a cicada's gut

New DNA study unravels the settlement history of the New World Arctic

New research reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits

Worms, flies and humans... Our common genomic legacy, key to understanding cell biology

Walking fish reveal how our ancestors evolved onto landWalking fish reveal how our ancestors evolved onto land

And then there were 10 -- unexpected diversity in New Zealand kanuka genus KunzeaAnd then there were 10 -- unexpected diversity in New Zealand kanuka genus Kunzea

Evolutionary history of honeybees revealed by genomicsEvolutionary history of honeybees revealed by genomics



Archives
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
June 2005
October 2004
July 2001


Science Friends
Agricultural Science
Astronomy News
Biology News
Biomimicry Science
Cognitive Research
Chemistry News
Tissue Engineering
Cancer Research
Cybernetics Research
Electonics Research
Forensics Report
Fossil News
Genetics News
Geology News
Microbiology Research
Nanotech News
Parenting News
Physics News


  Archives |  Submit News |  Advertise With Us |  Contact Us |  Links
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. All contents © 2000 - 2015 Web Doodle, LLC. All rights reserved.