Genetic Archaeology
Recent News |  Archives |  Tags |  About |  Newsletter |  Submit News |  Links |  Subscribe to GeneticArchaeology.com RSS Fee Subscribe


More Articles
Enhanced instrument enables high-speed chemical imaging of tissuesEnhanced instrument enables high-speed chemical imaging of tissues

Lunar pits could shelter astronauts, reveal details of how 'man in the moon' formedLunar pits could shelter astronauts, reveal details of how 'man in the moon' formed

Scientists complete chromosome-based draft of the wheat genomeScientists complete chromosome-based draft of the wheat genome

Study led by indigenous people uncovers grizzly bear 'highway'Study led by indigenous people uncovers grizzly bear 'highway'

Tiny laser sensor heightens bomb detection sensitivityTiny laser sensor heightens bomb detection sensitivity

A crystal wedding in the nanocosmosA crystal wedding in the nanocosmos

Has Antarctic sea ice expansion been overestimated?Has Antarctic sea ice expansion been overestimated?

Boosting the force of empty spaceBoosting the force of empty space

New research: When it hurts to think we were made for each otherNew research: When it hurts to think we were made for each other

Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellersBacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers

PIWI proteins and piRNAs regulate genes in the germline and beyondPIWI proteins and piRNAs regulate genes in the germline and beyond

Law of physics governs airplane evolutionLaw of physics governs airplane evolution

The economic territory of Upper Palaeolithic groups is specified by flintThe economic territory of Upper Palaeolithic groups is specified by flint

Wisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to bloodWisconsin scientists find genetic recipe to turn stem cells to blood

Running for life: How speed restricts evolutionary change of the vertebral columnRunning for life: How speed restricts evolutionary change of the vertebral column

Brain waves show learning to read does not end in 4th grade, contrary to popular theory

The bend in the Appalachian mountain chain is finally explainedThe bend in the Appalachian mountain chain is finally explained

Getting a grip on robotic graspGetting a grip on robotic grasp

Cooperation among humans, a question of ageCooperation among humans, a question of age

Protein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection, research findsProtein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection, research finds

Less exercise, not more calories, responsible for expanding waistlinesLess exercise, not more calories, responsible for expanding waistlines

High earners in a stock market game have brain patterns that can predict market bubblesHigh earners in a stock market game have brain patterns that can predict market bubbles

Platonic solids generate their 4-dimensional analoguesPlatonic solids generate their 4-dimensional analogues

A healthy lifestyle adds years to lifeA healthy lifestyle adds years to life

Study of animal urination could lead to better-engineered productsStudy of animal urination could lead to better-engineered products

Do probiotics help kids with stomach bugs?Do probiotics help kids with stomach bugs?

Strict diet suspends development, doubles lifespan of wormsStrict diet suspends development, doubles lifespan of worms

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

DNA reveals origins of first European farmers (11/10/2010)

Tags:
agriculture, domestication
An artist's impression of a Neolithic farmer. - Image by Karol Schauer, LDA Sachsen-Anhalt
An artist's impression of a Neolithic farmer. - Image by Karol Schauer, LDA Sachsen-Anhalt

A team of international researchers led by ancient DNA experts from the University of Adelaide has resolved the longstanding issue of the origins of the people who introduced farming to Europe some 8000 years ago.

A detailed genetic study of one of the first farming communities in Europe, from central Germany, reveals marked similarities with populations living in the Ancient Near East (modern-day Turkey, Iraq and other countries) rather than those from Europe.

Project leader Professor Alan Cooper, Director of the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA (ACAD) at the University of Adelaide, says: "This overturns current thinking, which accepts that the first European farming populations were constructed largely from existing populations of hunter-gatherers, who had either rapidly learned to farm or interbred with the invaders."

The results of the study have been published today in the online peer-reviewed science journal PLoS Biology.

"We have finally resolved the question of who the first farmers in Europe were - invaders with revolutionary new ideas, rather than populations of Stone Age hunter-gatherers who already existed in the area," says lead author Dr Wolfgang Haak, Senior Research Associate with ACAD at the University of Adelaide.

"We've been able to apply new, high-precision ancient DNA methods to create a detailed genetic picture of this ancient farming population, and reveal that it was radically different to the nomadic populations already present in Europe.

"We have also been able to use genetic signatures to identify a potential route from the Near East and Anatolia, where farming evolved around 11,000 years ago, via south-eastern Europe and the Carpathian Basin (today's Hungary) into Central Europe," Dr Haak says.

The project involved researchers from the University of Mainz and State Heritage Museum in Halle, Germany, the Russian Academy of Sciences and members of the National Geographic Society's Genographic Project, of which Professor Cooper is a Principal Investigator and Dr Haak is a Senior Research Associate.

The ancient DNA used in this study comes from a complete graveyard of Early Neolithic farmers unearthed at the town of Derenburg in Saxony-Anhalt, central Germany.

"This work was only possible due to the close collaboration of archaeologists excavating the skeletons, to ensure that no modern human DNA contaminated the remains, and nicely illustrates the potential when archaeology and genetics are combined," says Professor Kurt Werner Alt from the collaborating Institute of Anthropology in Mainz, Germany.

Note: This story has been adapted from a news release issued by the University of Adelaide

Post Comments:

Search

New Articles
Mixed genes mix up the migrations of hybrid birdsMixed genes mix up the migrations of hybrid birds

Ancient genetic material from caries bacterium obtained for the first timeAncient genetic material from caries bacterium obtained for the first time

Marmoset sequence sheds new light on primate biology and evolutionMarmoset sequence sheds new light on primate biology and evolution

Untangling spider's webs

Oetzi's 'non-human' DNA

Genome-wide analysis reveals genetic similarities among friends

A-maize-ing double life of a genome

Dodos and spotted green pigeons are descendants of an island hopping bird

Organismal biologists needed to interpret new trees of life

Biologists link sexual selection and placenta formationBiologists link sexual selection and placenta formation

Transgender algae reveal evolutionary origin of sexesTransgender algae reveal evolutionary origin of sexes

DNA of 'Evolution Canyon' fruit flies reveals drivers of evolutionary changeDNA of 'Evolution Canyon' fruit flies reveals drivers of evolutionary change

Hair from mummy's clothes provides insights into red deer lineage

Extinct human cousin gave Tibetans advantage at high elevationExtinct human cousin gave Tibetans advantage at high elevation

Genetic study reveals vulnerability of northwest dolphins



Archives
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
June 2005
October 2004
July 2001


Science Friends
Agricultural Science
Astronomy News
Biology News
Biomimicry Science
Cognitive Research
Chemistry News
Tissue Engineering
Cancer Research
Cybernetics Research
Electonics Research
Forensics Report
Fossil News
Genetics News
Geology News
Microbiology Research
Nanotech News
Parenting News
Physics News


  Archives |  Submit News |  Advertise With Us |  Contact Us |  Links
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. All contents © 2000 - 2015 Web Doodle, LLC. All rights reserved.